This will build and sustain a formal culture of safety.


Building a safety culture

  • Townhall and demo days held by ULBs for sanitation workers to demonstrate commitment to safety and secure worker buy-in on use of gear and equipment
  • Formal training program for new workers, including simulation-based training for risky jobs
  • Master trainers (potentially informal leaders from groups) to train workers on safety and use of gear
  • Safety orientation for supervisors and govt. officials

Sustaining a safety culture

  • Video-based refresher trainings, SMS alerts for using gear
  • Worksite visuals for reinforcement (signs indicating proper protocol for jobs, implications of not using gear, etc.)
  • Role models who use safety gear and equipment
  • Incentives for workers who use gear regularly and influence others to use gear
  • Family counselling to make families aware of health risks and importance of using gear


Types of work: All types of work except latrine cleaning

Gender: Male and female

Employment nature: Contractual and permanent

Personas: All personas


  • Coal Mining in India: Workers take oaths and safety pledges at the start of work-days; refresher trainings for workers as well as officials; simulator trainings for workers who operate heavy machinery
  • Shell has introduced a wireline simulator to train well engineers in Malaysia which replicates conditions in waters and simulates various safety challenges that could occur


  • Well-designed training program and visuals, contextualised at state or ULB levels
  • Penalties for not complying with safety training
  • Identification of influencers in worker groups and communities

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