28-relapse copy

Many workers relapse into sanitation work after having been part of an upskilling program due to lack of ongoing support

Constant outflows drain grants and loans:

  • Workers’ sustenance expenses eat into their grants and loans, and they can’t put it to long-term constructive use

Workers attempt to build portfolios of jobs:

  • Even after transitioning to different jobs, workers still allocate time and effort to sanitation jobs, look at it as a supplement

No data-based feedback and monitoring:

No database of beneficiaries maintained by implementing agencies, no mechanism to prevent relapse

  • Skills training partners of NSKFDC are supposed to track beneficiaries, but no data as of now

Regular feedback, tracking and follow-up schemes for workers after they exit any of the interventions

This insight applies to all types of unsafe sanitation work:

What this entails: Unblocking and cleaning sewer and wastewater drains

Frequency: Complaint-based, seasonal (rainy season) and occasionally for preventive maintenance

Location: Urban areas

What this entails: Emptying, collection and transport of human waste from septic tanks on an on-demand basis

Frequency: De-sludging frequency varies greatly, ranging from 6 months to 10-15 years

LocationPrimarily urban, mostly unplanned localities

What this entails: Cleaning faecal matter from railway tracks and platforms,railway toilets and platform toilets

Frequency: several times a day

Location: Rail network and railway stations

What this entails: Emptying of dry/single-pit latrines primarily in rural areas; daily collection and transport/emptying of fecal matter

LocationPrimarily rural

What this entails: Maintaining and operating sewage and faecal sludge treatment plants on a daily basis

LocationUrban, across the ~527 STPs/FSTPs in India

What this entails: Maintaining public/community toilets (often insanitary) on a daily basis

Location: Rural and urban CTCs, mostly in slums; public convenience shelters

What this entails: Operating and maintaining school toilets on a daily basis

LocationSchools – rural and urban

What this entails: Cleaning open drains and road sweeping, often encountering fecal matter due to open defecation and insanitary latrines connected to drains

LocationUrban – drains alongside roads

What this entails: Cleaning toilets in middle-high income households/institutions, encountering insanitary conditions at times

LocationUrban areas

Related Projects