This will provide a sense of identity and serve as a springboard for other interventions.


In Dalberg’s interactions with workers, we observed that they perceived a lack of recognition and acknowledgement from their employers. The most tangible manifestation of this was the absence of any formal work IDs that tie them to their occupations. Workers felt anonymous and found it difficult to take advantage of benefits they are entitled to on the job and outside.

Additionally, the lack of IDs for workers made it difficult for civic authorities and contractors to ascertain the strength of worker populations across different types of sanitation jobs. Across the country, several government officials also said that the quality of data on sanitation workers is not very granular.

An idea that was repeatedly discussed was to create a formal registry of sanitation workers and provide workers with a formal ID that would enable well targeted welfare and rehabilitation schemes.

Consequently, we are proposing a solution titled ‘Sanitation Worker Acknowledgement and Registry’ which will roll-out a unique ID program for sanitation at the city level and will be based on a systematic 3rdparty survey to identify sanitation workers.

• Well-funded comprehensive 3rd party survey or census to identify number of workers in different states, cities, and districts
• Single-window for state and city governments to declare number of sanitation workers without fear of repercussion

• Aadhar-linked ID for sanitation workers
• National database of sanitation workers, containing:
o Demographic and contact information
o Type of work
o Employer details
o Family information

SMS alerts to workers:
o Registration
o Payment of salary
o Attendance
o Training programs
o Schemes


Types of work: all

Gender: Male and female

Employment nature: Contractual and permanent

Personas: All personas


• 3rd party survey: In Nov 2017, MoSJE decided to undertake a nationwide survey by a third-party to account for workers cleaning dry latrines, open drains, pits, railway tracks, septic tanks and sewers; survey to be completed in six months
• ID cards: No exact comparable but efforts have been tried with Los Angeles’ waste workers where hiring is done only through unions and unions mandate registration of all workers


• Third party involvement to ensure unbiased, swift data collection
• Empowered host organisation (Sanitation worker unit) that can coordinate across ministries (urban devt, railways, schools)
• Sophisticated IT infrastructure across levels (Centre, State, ULB)

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